When someone has diabetes, their body can’t maintain healthy levels of glucose (a form of sugar) in the blood.
It’s a serious and complex condition which can affect the entire body.
There are three main types of diabetes:
According to Diabetes Australia, around 1.7 million Australians have diabetes. And it’s increasing.
Why is diabetes increasing?
While all types of diabetes are increasing in prevalence, type 2 is increasing at the fastest rate.
There are two main reasons why we’re seeing this:
- Big changes to diet and the food supply
- Big changes to physical activity – more sedentary work and less activity.
Genes also play a part. There is a higher risk of type 2 diabetes in Chinese, South Asian, Indian, Pacific Islander, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
In type 1 diabetes, symptoms are often sudden and can be life-threatening. Therefore, it’s usually diagnosed quite quickly.
In type 2 diabetes, many people have no symptoms at all. Other signs can go unnoticed, being seen as part of ‘getting older’. Therefore, by the time symptoms are noticed, complications may already be present.
Common symptoms include:
- Being more thirsty than usual
- Passing more urine
- Feeling tired and lethargic
- Always feeling hungry
- Having cuts that heal slowly
- Itching, skin infections
- Blurred vision
- Unexplained weight loss (type 1)
- Gradually putting on weight (type 2)
- Mood swings
- Feeling dizzy
- Leg cramps.
What treatments are available?
While there is currently no cure for diabetes, you can live an enjoyable life by learning about the condition and effectively managing it.
Our team of Pascoe Vale doctors and allied health staff are trained in diabetes management. We can recommend an appropriate course of action, which may involve changes to your diet and exercise, or medication in some cases.
Do the self-assessment now
To find out your risk of developing type 2 diabetes within the next five years, answer the quick questions on the online calculator.
Let us know if you need to discuss the results of the test.
National Diabetes Week
Each July, National Diabetes Week aims to educate Australians about this chronic disease.
In 2020, the conversation is about the real impact diabetes can have on your mental and emotional wellbeing. You can find out more here.
Help is at hand
If you live in Pascoe Vale, Strathmore, Glenroy, Coburg or the surrounding area, we’re here to help you manage your diabetes.
The sooner you get on top of it, the sooner you can start to feel better. Give us a call today!
Source: Diabetes Australia
Note: This information is of a general nature only and should not be substituted for medical advice. It does not replace consultations with qualified healthcare professionals to meet your individual medical needs.